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Explanation: (Charts 12-4, 12-5, 12-6)
The teachings propagated among Christians in the first generation after Christ derived
largely from Peter, John, and Paul. Through examination of the surviving writings of these
three apostles, much of the nature of early Christian theology can be ascertained. Most
prominent were teachings about Christ, testimonies of his divine sonship, and declarations
of his atoning mission. Other teachings can be categorized as basic doctrines and as practices
of the early Christian community. The three charts that follow highlight various teachings
about Christ as well as Christian doctrines and Christian practices as articulated in the
writings of Peter (chart 12-4), John (chart 12-5), and Paul (chart 12-6). Taken together
these charts show that these three major spokesmen addressed similar subjects in similar
ways. For example, John is often thought of as the apostle of love. However, Peter and Paul
also spoke about this important subject, often using the same vocabulary or phraseology.
How does one explain the commonalities? Most obviously, these apostles derived their
teachings from Jesus Christ as their common source.
John F. Hall, “Peter,” EM, 3:1077–79.
Raymond Brown, trans., The Gospel According to John (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1966–70).
Richard Lloyd Anderson, Understanding Paul (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1983).
“Paul’s Teachings,” WRC, 102–5.