Selected Bibliography on Chiasmus, 1980–2020

Section and Issue
Product Attributes
PDF (Download)

Selected Bibliography on Chiasmus, 1980–2020

Author BYU Studies Staff

Aletti, Jean N., and Jacques Trublet. Approche poétique et théologique des Psaumes. Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1983.

Allen, Leslie C. “The Structuring of Ezekiel’s Revisionist History Lesson (Ezekiel 20:3–31).” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 54, no. 3 (1992): 448–62.

Allen, Leslie C. “The Value of Rhetorical Criticism in Psalm 69.” Journal of Biblical Literature 105, no. 4 (1986): 577–98.

Allison, Dale C. “The Structure of the Sermon on the Mount.” Journal of Biblical Literature 106, no. 3 (1987): 423–45.

Alter, Robert. The Art of Biblical Poetry. New York: Basic Books, 1985.

Alter, Robert. “The Characteristics of Ancient Hebrew Poetry.” In The Literary Guide to the Bible, edited by Robert Alter and Frank Kermode, 611–24. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Assis, Elie. “Chiasmus in Biblical Narrative: Rhetoric of Characterization.” Prooftexts 22, no. 3 (2002): 273–304.

Auffret, Pierre. “Essai sur la structure littéraire du Psaume 90.” Biblica 61, no. 2 (1980): 262–76.

Auffret, Pierre. “Essai sur la structure littéraire des Psaumes CXI et CXII.” Vetus Testamentum 30, no. 3 (1980): 257–79.

Auffret, Pierre. “Essai sur la structure littéraire du Psaume 137.” Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 92 (1980): 346–77.

Auffret, Pierre. “Essai sur la structure littéraire du Psaume 11.” Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 93, no. 3 (1981): 401–17.

Auffret, Pierre. “Essai sur la structure littéraire du Psaume XV.” Vetus Testamentum 31, no. 4 (1981): 385–99.

Auffret, Pierre. “Essai sur la structure littéraire de Gn 12,1–4aa.” Biblische Zeitschrift 26 (1982): 243–48.

Baden, Joel S. “The Tower of Babel: A Case Study in the Competing Methods of Historical and Modern Literary Criticism.” Journal of Biblical Literature 128, no. 2 (2009): 209–24.

Bailey, James L., and Lyle D. Vander Broek. Literary Forms in the New Testament: A Handbook. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1992.

Bar-Efrat, Shimon. “Some Observations on the Analysis of Structure in Biblical Narrative.” Vetus Testamentum 30, no. 2 (1980): 154–73.

Bar-Efrat, Shimon. Narrative Art in the Bible. Sheffield, Eng.: A&C Black, 1989.

Barney, Kevin L. “Poetic Diction and Parallel Word Pairs in the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 4, no. 2 (1995): 15–81.

Bartelt, Andrew H. The Book around Immanuel: Style and Structure in Isaiah 2–12. Warsaw, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1996.

Beentjes, Pancratius C. “Inverted Quotations in the Bible: A Neglected Stylistic Pattern.” Biblica 63, no. 4 (1982): 506–23.

Beker, Johan Christiaan. Paul the Apostle: The Triumph of God in Life and Thought. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1980.

Berger, Yitzhak. “Chiasm and Meaning in 1 Chronicles.” Journal of Hebrew Scripture 14, no. 1 (2014): 1–31.

Berlin, Adele. The Dynamics of Biblical Parallelism. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1985.

Berlin, Adele. “Parallelism.” In Anchor Bible Dictionary, edited by David Noel Freedman, 6 vols., 5:153–62. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

Berman, Joshua A. “Criteria for Establishing Chiastic Structure: Lamentations 1 and 2 as Test Cases.” In “And Inscribe the Name of Aaron”: Studies in Bible, Epigraphy, Literacy and History Presented to Aaron Demsky, edited by Yigal Levin and Ber Kotlerman, 57–69. Rolling Hills Estates, CA: Western Academic Press, 2017. Also in Maarav 21 nos. 1–2 (2014): 1–13.

Berman, Joshua A. Inconsistency in the Torah: Ancient Literary Convention and the Limits of Source Criticism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017, 260–77.

Bilbro, Jeffrey. “The Form of the Cross: Milton's Chiastic Soteriology.” Milton Quarterly 47, no. 3 (2013): 127–48.

Black, David A. “The Discourse Structure of Philippians: A Study in Textlinguistics.” Novum Testamentum 37, no. 1 (1995): 16–49.

Bliese, Loren F. “Chiastic Structures, Peaks, and Cohesion in Nehemiah 9:6–37.” Bible Translator 39, no. 2 (1988): 208–15.

Bliese, Loren F. “Chiastic and Homogeneous Metrical Structures Enhanced by Word Patterns in Obadiah.” Journal of Translation and Textlinguistics 6, no. 3 (1993): 210–27.

Bliese, Loren F. “A Cryptic Chiastic Acrostic: Finding Meaning from Structure in the Poetry of Nahum.” Journal of Translation and Text Linguistics 7, no. 3 (1995): 48–81.

Bliese, Loren F. “Examples of Metrical Chiasmus in Acrostic Psalms: Especially Psalms 34, 25, 145, and the Similar Non-Acrostic 33.” Africa Regional Translation Consultation Workshop, 2002.

Blomberg, Craig L. “Midrash, Chiasmus, and the Outline of Luke’s Central Section.” In Gospel Perspectives: Studies in Midrash and Historiography, edited by Richard France and David Wenham, 217–61. Sheffield, Eng.: JSOT Press, 1983.

Blomberg, Craig. “The Structure of 2 Corinthians 1–7.” Criswell Theological Review 4, no. 1 (1989): 3–20.

Boda, Mark J. “Chiasmus in Ubiquity: Symmetrical Mirages in Nehemiah 9.” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 21, no. 71 (1996): 55–70.

Boers, Hendrikus. “The Structure and Meaning of Romans 6:1–14.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 63, no. 4 (2001): 664–82.

Bowen, Matthew L., and Pedro Olavarria. “Place of Crushing: The Literary Function of Heshlon in Ether 13:25–31.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 14 (2015): 227–39.

Branick, Vincent P. “Source and Redaction Analysis of 1 Corinthians 1–3.” Journal of Biblical Literature 101, no. 2 (1982): 251–69.

Brawley, Robert Lawson. Centering on God: Method and Message in Luke–Acts. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1990.

Breck, John. “Biblical Chiasmus: Exploring Structure for Meaning.” Biblical Theology Bulletin 17, no. 2 (1987): 70–75.

Breck, John. The Shape of Biblical Language: Chiasmus in the Scriptures and Beyond. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1994.

Brett, Laurence F. X. “Suggestions for an Analysis of Mark’s Arrangement.” In Christopher S. Mann, Mark: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary, 174–90. New York: Doubleday, 1986.

Bright, William. “‘With One Lip, with Two Lips’: Parallelism in Nahuatl.” Language: Journal of the Linguistic Society of America 66, no. 3 (1990): 437–52.

Brouwer, Wayne. The Literary Development of John 13–17: A Chiastic Reading. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2000.

Buckwalter, H. Douglas. “The Hike of Hikes—Luke’s Travel Narrative (Luke 9:51–19:27).” Evangelical Journal 33, no. 2 (2015): 68–81.

Buckwalter, H. Douglas. “‘God Had How Many Sons?’ Matthew’s Use of Hosea 11:1 (‘Out of Egypt I Called My Son’).” Evangelical Journal 36, no. 1 (2018): 33–44.

Burnside, Jonathan P. “Rethinking ‘Sexual’ Offenses in Biblical Law: The Literary Structure of Leviticus 20.” In Jewish Law Association Studies XVI: The Boston 2004 Conference Volume, edited by E. Dorff, 37–55. Binghampton, NY: Global Academic Publishing, 2007.

Burnside, Jonathan. God, Justice, and Society: Aspects of Law and Legality in the Bible, 347–87. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Byargeon, Rick W. “The Structure and Significance of Prov. 9:7–12.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 40, no. 3 (1997): 367–75.

Camden, Bill. “Two Instances of Chiasmus Rephrased, from Baebol Long Bislama of Vanuatu, South Pacific.” Bible Translator 46, no. 2 (1995): 240–42.

Carrasco, Michael D. “The History, Rhetoric, and Poetics of Three Palenque Narratives.” In Parallel Worlds: Genre, Discourse, and Poetics in Contemporary, Colonial, and Classic Maya Literature, edited by Kerry M. Hull and Michael D. Carrasco, 123–60. Boulder: University of Colorado, 2012.

Ceresko, Anthony R. “The Rhetorical Strategy of the Fourth Servant Song (Isaiah 52:13–53:12): Poetry and the Exodus–New Exodus.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 56, no. 1 (1994): 42–55.

Christensen, Duane L. “The Song of Jonah: A Metrical Analysis.” Journal of Biblical Literature 104, no. 2 (1985): 217–31.

Christenson, Allen J. “The Use of Chiasmus by the Ancient Maya-Quiche.” Latin American Indian Literatures Journal 42, no. 2 (1988): 125–50.

Christenson, Allen J. Popol Vuh: The Sacred Book of the Quiche Maya. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2007.

Christenson, Allen J. Popol Vuh: Literal Poetic Version. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2007.

Christenson, Allen J. “The Use of Chiasmus by the Ancient K’iche’ Maya.” In Parallel Worlds: Genre, Discourse, and Poetics in Contemporary, Colonial, and Classic Maya Literature, edited by Kerry M. Hull and Michael D. Carrasco, 311–36. Boulder: University of Colorado, 2012.

Christian, Ed. “A Chiasm of Seven Chiasms: The Structure of the Millennial Vision, Rev 19:1–21:8.” Andrews University Seminary Studies 37, no. 2 (1999): 209–25.

Clarke, Thomas B. Joshua’s Spiritual Warfare: Understanding the Chiasms of Joshua. Syracuse, NY: Bible Discernments, 2008.

Clendenen, E. Ray. “The Structure of Malachi: A Textlinguistic Study.” Criswell Theological Review 2 (1987): 3–17.

Clifford, Richard J. “Psalm 89: A Lament over the Davidic Ruler’s Continued Failure.” Harvard Theological Review 73, no. 1/2 (1980): 35–48.

Coats, George W. Genesis, with an Introduction to Narrative Literature. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1983.

Cohn, Robert L. “The Literary Logic of 1 Kings 17–19.” Journal of Biblical Literature 101, no. 3 (1982): 333–50.

Cohn, Robert L. “Form and Perspective in 2 Kings V.” Vetus Testamentum 33, no. 2 (1983): 171–84.

Cohn, Robert L. “Literary Technique in the Jeroboam Narrative.” Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 97, no. 1 (1985): 23–35.

Coloe, Mary. “The Structure of the Johannine Prologue and Genesis 1.” Australian Biblical Review 45 (1997): 40–55.

Combrink, H. J. Bernard. “The Structure of the Gospel of Matthew as Narrative.” Tyndale Bulletin 34 (1983): 61–90.

Coote, Robert B. Amos among the Prophets: Composition and Theology. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1981.

Cranny, Carl. “The Deliberate Use of Hebrew Parallelisms in the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 23 (2014): 140–65.

Craveri, Michela, and Rogelio Valencia. “The Voice of Writing: Orality Traces in the Maya Codices.” In Tradition and Innovation in Mesoamerican Cultural History: A Homage to Tatiana A. Proskouriakoff, edited by Roberto Cantú and Aaron Sonnenschein, 77–113. Munich, Ger: Lincom Europa, 2011.

Crotty, Robert. “The Literary Structure of the Binding of Isaac in Genesis 22.” Australian Biblical Review 53 (2005): 36.

Culpepper, Alan R. “The Pivot of John’s Prologue.” New Testament Studies 27, no. 1 (1980): 1–31.

DeLong, Richard A. “Chiasmus in Mesoamerican Writing.” In Sixth Palenque Round Table. Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico, 1986.

DeSilva, David A. “X Marks the Spot? A Critique of the Use of Chiasmus in Macro-Structural Analyses of Revelation.” Journal for the Study of the New Testament 30, no. 3 (2008): 343–71.

Dewey, Joanna. Markan Public Debate: Literary Technique, Concentric Structure, and Theology in Mark 2:1–3:6. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1980.

Di Marco, Angelico. “Rhetoric and Hermeneutic—On a Rhetorical Pattern: Chiasmus and Circularity.” In Rhetoric and the New Testament: Essays from the 1992 Heidelberg Conference, edited by Stanley E. Porter and Thomas H. Olbricht, 479–91. Sheffield, Eng.: JSOT Press, 1993.

Dorsey, David A. “Literary Structuring in the Song of Songs.” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 15, no. 46 (1990): 81–96.

Dorsey, David A. The Literary Structure of the Old Testament: A Commentary on Genesis–Malachi. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 1999.

Douglas, Mary. “Poetic Structure of Leviticus.” In Pomegranates and Golden Bells: Studies in Biblical, Jewish, and Near Eastern Ritual, Law, and Literature in Honor of Jacob Milgrom, edited by David P. Wright, David Noel Freedman, and Avi M. Hurvitz, 93–102. Winona Lake, IN: Eisen­brauns, 1995.

Douglas, Mary. Thinking in Circles: An Essay on Ring Composition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007.

Ebert, Daniel J., IV. “The Chiastic Structure of the Prologue to Hebrews.” Trinity Journal 13 (1992): 163–79.

Edwards, Boyd F., and W. Farrell Edwards. “Does Chiasmus Appear in the Book of Mormon by Chance?” BYU Studies 43, no. 2 (2004): 103–30.

Edwards, Boyd F., and W. Farrell Edwards. “When Are Chiasms Admissible as Evidence?” BYU Studies 49, no. 4 (2010): 131–54.

Fokkelman, Jan P. Narrative Art and Poetry in the Books of Samuel: A Full Interpretation Based on Stylistic and Structural Analyses, Volume 1, King David (Sam. 9–20 & Kings 1–2). Assen, Neth.: Van Gorcum, 1981.

Franke, Chris. Isaiah 46, 47, and 48: A New Literary-Critical Reading. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1994.

Freedman, David Noel. “The Poetic Structure of the Framework of Deuteronomy 33.” In The Bible World: Essays in Honor of Cyrus H Gordon, edited by Gary A. Rendsburg, 25–46. New York: Ktav Publishing House, Institute of Hebrew Culture and Education of New York University, 1980.

Freedman, David Noel. “Psalm 29: A Structural Analysis.” In Divine Commitment and Human Obligation: Selected Writings of David Noel Freedman, edited by David Noel Freedman and John R. Huddlestun, 2:70–86. 2 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997.

Freedman, David Noel. “The Structure of Isaiah 40:1–11.” In Perspectives on Language and Text: Essays in Honor of Francis I. Andersen on His Sixtieth Birthday, edited by Edgar W. Conrad and Edward G. Newing, 167–93. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1987.

Freedman, David Noel. The Unity of the Hebrew Bible. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1991.

Gardner, Brant A. “Literacy and Orality in the Book of Mormon.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 9 (2014): 29–85.

Gelardini, Gabriella. “From ‘Linguistic Turn’ and Hebrews Scholarship to ‘Anadiplosis Iterata’: The Enigma of a Structure.” Harvard Theological Review 102 (2009): 51–73.

Gertz, Jan C., Bernard M. Levinson, Konrad Schmid, and Dalit Rom-Shiloni, editors. The Formation of the Pentateuch: Bridging the Academic Discourses of Europe, Israel, and North America. Tübingen, Ger.: Mohr Siebeck, 2016.

Giblin, Charles H. “Revelation 11:1–13: Its Form, Function, and Contextual Integration.” New Testament Studies 30, no. 3 (1984): 433–59.

Giblin, Charles H. “Two Complementary Literary Structures in John 1:1–18.” Journal of Biblical Literature 104 (1985): 87–103.

Girard, Marc. Les Psaumes: Analyse structurelle et interprétation 1–50. Montreal: Éditions Bellarmin, 1984.

Gitay, Yehoshua. Isaiah and His Audience: The Structure and Meaning of Isaiah 1–12. Assen, Neth.: Van Gorcum, 1991.

Grossberg, Daniel. Centripetal and Centrifugal Structure in Biblical Poetry. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989.

Grossman, Jonathan. Abram to Abraham: A Literary Analysis of the Abraham Narrative. Bern: Peter Lang, 2016, 37–38.

Hardy, Grant. “Book of Mormon Poetry.” In The Book of Mormon: A Reader’s Edition, edited by Grant Hardy, 658–64. Urbana/Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2003.

Heath, D. M. Chiastic Structures in Hebrews: A Study of Form and Function in Biblical Discourse. Stellenbosch, S.A.: University of Stellenbosch, 2011.

Heil, John P. “The Chiastic Structure and Meaning of Paul’s Letter to Philemon.” Biblica 82, no. 2 (2001): 178–206.

Heil, John P. Hebrews: Chiastic Structure and Audience Response. Washington, DC: Catholic Biblical Association of America, 2010.

Hull, Kerry Michael. Verbal Art and Performance in Ch’orti’ and Maya Hieroglyphic Writing. Dissertation, University of Texas, 2003.

Hultgren, Arland J. Paul’s Gospel and Mission: The Outlook from His Letter to the Romans. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1985.

Huston, Jamie J. “The Integration of Temples and Families: A Latter-day Saint Structure for the Jacob Cycle.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 13 (2015): 131–67.

Jackson, Bernard. “Talion and Purity: Some Glosses on Mary Douglas.” In Reading Leviticus: A Conversation with Mary Douglas, edited by John F. A. Sawyer, 107–123. Sheffield, Eng.: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996.

Johnson, Bo. “Form and message in Lamentations.” Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 97, no. 1 (1985): 58–73.

Josserand, J. Kathryn. “The Narrative Structure of Hieroglyphic Texts at Palenque.” In Sixth Palenque Round Table, 1986, edited by Merle Greene Robertson and Virginia M. Fields, 12–31. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.

Josserand, J. Kathryn. “The Missing Heir at Yaxchilán: Literary Analysis of a Maya Historical Puzzle.” Latin American Antiquity 18, no. 3 (2007): 295–313.

Josserand, J. Kathryn, and Nicholas A. Hopkins. Maya Hieroglyphic Writing: Workbook for a Short Course on Maya Hieroglyphic Writing, 2d ed. Tallahassee, FL: Jaguar Tours, 2011.

Kalimi, Isaac. The Reshaping of Ancient Israelite History in Chronicles. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2005.

Kinsman, Hutch. “Grammar in the Script: Literary and Visual Devices in Grammatical Constructions.” The Codex 17, no. 3 (2009): 35–51.

Kline, Meredith G. “The Structure of the Book of Zechariah.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 34, no. 2 (1991): 179–93.

Kolarcik, Michael. The Ambiguity of Death in the Book of Wisdom 1–6: A Study of Literary Structure and Interpretation. Rome: Gregorian Biblical BookShop, 1991.

Korpel, Marjo C. A., and Josef M. Oesch. Delimitation Criticism: A New Tool in Biblical Scholarship. Assen, Neth.: Van Gorcum, 2000.

Kugel, James L. The Idea of Biblical Poetry: Parallelism and Its History. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1981.

Laato, Antti. “The Composition of Isaiah, 40–55.” Journal of Biblical Literature 109, no. 2 (1990): 207–28.

Law, Danny. “Poetic Style in Colonial Ch’olti’ Mayan.” Latin American Indian Literatures Journal 23, no. 2 (2007): 142–68.

Levinson, Bernard M. “‘Better That You Should Not Vow than That You Vow and Not Fulfill’: Qoheleth’s Use of Textual Allusion and the Transformation of Deuteronomy’s Law of Vows.” In Reading Ecclesiastes Intertextually, edited by Katharine Dell and Will Kynes, 28–41. London: T&T Clark, 2014.

Levinson, Bernard M. “The Birth of the Lemma: The Restrictive Reinterpretation of the Covenant Code’s Manumission Law by the Holiness Code (Leviticus 25:44–46).” Journal of Biblical Literature 124 (2005): 617–39.

Levinson, Bernard M. Deuteronomy and the Hermeneutics of Legal Innovation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Levinson, Bernard M. “Deuteronomy: Introduction and Commentary.” In The Jewish Study. 2d ed., edited by Adele Berlin and Marc Zvi Brettler, 339–428. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Levinson, Bernard M. “‘Du sollst nichts hinzufügen und nichts wegnehmen’ (Dtn 13,1): Rechtsreform und Hermeneutik in der Hebräischen Bibel.” Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 102 (2006): 157–83; also in Houses Full of All Good Things: Essays in Memory of Timo Veijola, Juha Pakkala and Martti Nissinen, 62–94. Göttingen, Ger.: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2008.

Levinson, Bernard M. “Esarhaddon’s Succession Treaty as the Source for the Canon Formula in Deuteronomy 13:1.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 130 (2010): 337–347.

Levinson, Bernard M. “The Hermeneutics of Tradition in Deuteronomy.” Journal of Biblical Literature 119 (2000): 269–86.

Levinson, Bernard M. Legal Revision and Religious Renewal in Ancient Israel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Levinson, Bernard M. “The Manumission of Hermeneutics: The Slave Laws of the Pentateuch as a Challenge to Contemporary Pentateuchal Theory.” In Congress Volume Leiden 2004, edited by André Lemaire, 281–324. Leiden, Neth.: E. J. Brill, 2006.

Levinson, Bernard M. “McConville’s Law and Theology in Deuteronomy.” Jewish Quarterly Review 80 (1990): 396–404.

Levinson, Bernard M. A More Perfect Torah: At the Intersection of Philology and Hermeneutics in Deuteronomy and the Temple Scroll. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

Levinson, Bernard M. “Die neuassyrischen Ursprünge der Kanonformel in Deuteronomium 13,1.” In Viele Wege zu dem Einen: Historische Bibelkritik: Die Vitalität der Glaubensüberlieferung in der Moderne, edited by Stefan Beyerle, Axel Graupner, and Udo Rüterswörden, 23–59. Neukirchen-Vluyn, Ger.: Neukirchener Verlag, 2012.

Levinson, Bernard M. “A Post-Priestly Harmonization in the Flood Narrative.” In The Post-Priestly Pentateuch: New Perspectives on Its Redactional Development and Theological Profiles, edited by Federico Giuntoli and Konrad Schmid, 113–23. Tübingen, Ger.: Mohr Siebeck, 2015.

Levinson, Bernard M., and Molly M. Zahn. “Revelation Regained: The Hermeneutics of כי and אם in the Temple Scroll.” Dead Sea Discoveries: A Journal of Current Research on the Scrolls and Related Literature 9 (2002): 295–346.

Levinson, Bernard M. “The Right Chorale”: Studies in Biblical Law and Interpretation. Tübingen, Ger.: Mohr Siebeck, 2008; paperback Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2011.

Levinson, Bernard M. “Textual Criticism, Assyriology, and the History of Interpretation: Deuteronomy 13:7a as a Test Case in Method.” Journal of Biblical Literature 120 (2001): 211–43.

Levinson, Bernard M. “‘You Must Not Add Anything to What I Command You’: Paradoxes of Canon and Authorship in Ancient Israel.” Numen: International Review for the History of Religions 50 (2003): 1–51.

Lichtenstein, Murray H. “Chiasm and Symmetry in Proverbs 31.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 44, no. 2 (1982): 202–11.

Lioy, Dan. The Decalogue in the Sermon on the Mount. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2004.

Lissner, Patricia Ann. Chi-thinking: Chiasmus and Cognition. Diss., University of Maryland, 2007.

Longman, Tremper, III. How to Read the Psalms. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1988.

Lundbom, Jack R. Biblical Rhetoric and Rhetorical Criticism. Sheffield, Eng.: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2013.

Lundbom, Jack R. Jeremiah: A Study in Ancient Hebrew Rhetoric. 2d ed. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1997.

Lundbom, Jack R. “The Inclusio and Other Framing Devices in Deuteronomy 1–28.” Vetus Testamentum 46 (1996): 296–315.

Luter, A. Boyd, Jr. and Michelle V. Lee. “Philippians as Chiasmus: Key to the Structure, Unity and Theme Questions.” New Testament Studies 41, no. 1 (1995): 89–101.

MacLeod, David J. “The Literary Structure of the Book of Hebrews.” Bibliotheca Sacra 146 (April 1989): 185–97.

Magonet, Jonathan. Form and Meaning: Studies in Literary Techniques in the Book of Jonah. 2d ed. Sheffield, Eng.: Almond Press, 1983.

Malina, Bruce J., and Richard L. Rohrbaugh. Social-Science Commentary on the Gospel of John. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1998.

Man, Ronald E. “The Value of Chiasm for New Testament Interpretation.” Bibliotheca Sacra 141 (April 1984): 146–57.

Marlowe, W. Creighton. “No Fear!: Psalm 23 as a Careful Conceptual Chiasm.” Asbury Theological Journal 57, no. 2/58, no. 1 (Fall 2002/Spring 2003): 65–80.

Mayes, Andrew D. H. “Deuteronomy 4 and the Literary Criticism of Deuteronomy.” Journal of Biblical Literature 100, no. 1 (1981): 23–51.

McConville, J. Gordon. Law and Theology in Deuteronomy. Sheffield, Eng.: JSOT Press, 1984.

McCoy, Brad. “Chiasmus: An Important Structural Device Commonly Found in Biblical Literature.” Chafer Theological Seminary Journal 9, no. 2 (2003): 18–34.

McCreesh, Thomas P. Biblical Sound and Sense: Poetic Sound Patterns in Proverbs 10–29. Sheffield, Eng.: Sheffield Academic Press, 1991.

McGee, R. Jon. “Palenque and Lacandon Maya Cosmology.” Texas Notes on Precolumbian Art, Writing, and Culture 52 (March 1993): 1–8.

Meier, John P. “Symmetry and Theology in the Old Testament Citations of Heb, 5–14.” Biblica 66, no. 4 (1985): 504–33.

Menken, Maarten J. J. Numerical Literary Techniques in John. Leiden, Neth.: Brill, 1985.

Milward, Peter. Biblical Influences in Shakespeare’s Great Tragedies. Bloomington: Indiana University, 1987.

Myers, Charles D. “Chiastic Inversion in the Argument of Romans 3–8.” Novum Testamentum 35, no. 1 (1993): 30–47.

Newton, Dennis. “Nephi’s Use of Inverted Parallels.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 22 (2016): 79–106.

Niccacci, Alviero. “Analyzing Biblical Hebrew Poetry.” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 22, no. 74 (1997): 77–93.

Noble, Paul R. “The Literary Structure of Amos: A Thematic Analysis.” Journal of Biblical Literature 114, no. 2 (1995): 209–26.

O’Connell, Robert H. “Isaiah XIV 4B–23: Ironic Reversal through Concentric Structure and Mythic Allusion.” Vetus Testamentum 38, no. 4 (1988): 407–18.

O’Conner, Michael P. Hebrew Verse Structure. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1980.

Olson, Paul Richard. The Great Chiasmus: Word and Flesh in Novels of Unamuno. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 2003.

Packer, Jeff M. “‘Zwischen Sinnenglück und Seelenfrieden’: Chiasmus and Symmetry in Schiller’s ‘Das Ideal und das Leben.’” Colloquia Germanica 39 (2006): 257–73.

Paran, Meir. Forms of the Priestly Style in the Pentateuch. Jerusalem: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1989.

Pardee, Dennis. Ugaritic and Hebrew Poetic Parallelism: A Trial Cut (ʿnt I and Proverbs 2). Leiden, Neth.: Brill, 1988.

Parry, Donald W. “Power through Repetition: The Dynamics of Book of Mormon Parallelism.” In Book of Mormon Authorship Revisited: The Evidence for Ancient Origins, edited by Noel B. Reynolds, 295–309. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1997.

Parry, Donald W. Poetic Parallelisms in the Book of Mormon: The Complete Text Reformatted. Provo, UT: Maxwell Institute for Religious Research, 2007.

Parunak, Henry Van Dyke. “The Literary Architecture of Ezekiel’s marʾot ʾelohim.” Journal of Biblical Literature 99, no. 1 (1980): 61–74.

Parunak, Henry Van Dyke. “Oral Typesetting: Some Uses of Biblical Structure.” Biblica 62, no. 2 (1981): 153–68.

Pelkey, Jamin. “Cognitive Chiasmus: Embodied Phenomenology in Dylan Thomas.” Journal of Literary Semantics 42, no. 1 (2013): 79–114.

Petersen, David L., and Kent H. Richards. Interpreting Hebrew Poetry. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1992.

Porter, Stanley E. and Jeffrey T. Reed. “Philippians as a Macro-Chiasm and Its Exegetical Significance.” New Testament Studies 44, no. 2 (April 1998): 213–31.

Prewitt, Terry J. The Elusive Covenant: A Structural-Semiotic Reading of Genesis. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Rees, Robert A. “Joseph Smith, the Book of Mormon, and the American Renaissance.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 35, no. 3 (2002): 83–112.

Rendsburg, Gary A. The Redaction of Genesis. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1986. 2nd ed., 2014.

Rendsburg, Gary A. “Redactional Structuring in the Joseph Story: Genesis 37–50.” In Mappings of the Biblical Terrain: The Bible as Text, edited by Vincent L. Tollers and John Maier, 215–32. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 1990.

Revell, E. J. “Pausal Forms and the Structure of Biblical Poetry.” Vetus Testamentum 31, no. 2 (1981): 186–99.

Reynolds, Noel B. “Chiastic Structuring of Large Texts: Second Nephi as a Case Study.” In “To Seek the Law of the Lord”: Essays in Honor of John W. Welch, edited by Paul Y. Hoskisson and Daniel C. Peterson, 333–49. Orem, UT: Interpreter Foundation, 2017.

Reynolds, Noel B. “Nephi’s Outline.” In Book of Mormon Authorship: New Light on Ancient Origins, edited by Noel B. Reynolds, 53–74. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1982.

Rhee, Victor. “Chiasm and the Concept of Faith in Hebrews 11.” Bibliotheca Sacra 155 (1998): 327–45.

Rhee, Victor. “The Role of Chiasm for Understanding Christology in Hebrews 1:1–14.” Journal of Biblical Literature 131, no. 2 (2012): 341–62.

Rice, George E. “The Chiastic Structure of the Central Section of the Epistle to the Hebrews.” Andrews University Seminary Studies 19, no. 3 (1981): 243–46.

Ricks, Stephen D. “The Treaty/Covenant Pattern in King Benjamin’s Address (Mosiah 1–6).” BYU Studies 24, no. 2 (1984): 151–62.

Robbins, Vernon K. The Tapestry of Early Christian Discourse: Rhetoric, Society and Ideology, 212–15. London: Routledge, 1996.

Rodriguez, Lydia. “From Discourse to Thought: An Ethnopoetic Analysis of Chol Mayan Folktale.” Signs and Society 4, no. 2 (2016): 278–301.

Rolland, Philippe. Epitre aux Romains: Texte grec structure. Rome: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1980.

Rousseau, Francois. “Structure de Qohelet I 4–11 et plan du livre.” Vetus Testamentum 31, no. 2 (1981): 200–17.

Schade, Aaron. “A Text Linguistic Approach to the Syntax and Style of the Phoenician Inscription of Azatiwada.” Journal of Semitic Studies 50, no. 1 (2005): 35–58.

Schokel, Luis Alonso. A Manual of Hebrew Poetics. Rome: Gregorian Biblical BookShop, 1988.

Scott, M. Philip. “Chiastic Structure: A Key to the Interpretation of Mark’s Gospel.” Biblical Theology Bulletin 15 (1985): 17–26.

Segalla, Giuseppe. “La struttura circolare di Romani 5,12–21 e il suo significato teologico.” Studia Patavina 28 (1981): 377–80.

Segert, Stanislav. “Parallelism in Ugaritic Poetry.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 103, no. 1 (1983): 295–306.

Shea, William H. “The Chiastic Structure of the Song of Songs.” Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 22 (1980): 378–96.

Shea, William H. “The Chiastic Literary Structure of Amos.” In Rhetorical Criticism Section, Society of Biblical Literature. San Francisco, 1981.

Shea, William H. “Chiasm in Theme and by Form in Revelation 18.” Andrews University Seminary Studies 20 (1982): 249–56.

Shea, William H. “Revelation 5 and 19 as Literary Reciprocals.” Andrews University Seminary Studies 79 (1984): 249–57.

Shea, William H. “Further Literary Structures in Daniel 2–7: An Analysis of Daniel 4.” Andrews University Seminary Studies 23 (1985): 193–202.

Shea, William H. “Further Literary Structures in Daniel 2–7: An Analysis of Daniel 5, and the Broader Relationships within Chapters 2–7.” Andrews University Seminary Studies 23 (1985): 277–95.

Siew, Antonius King Wai. The War between the Two Beasts and the Two Witnesses: A Chiastic Reading of Revelation 11.1–14.5. London: T. & T. Clark, 2005.

Smalley, William A. “Discourse Analysis and Bible Translation.” Bible Translator 32 (1980): 119–25.

Smith, Gregory L. “‘From the Sea East Even to the Sea West’: Thoughts on a Proposed Book of Mormon Chiasm Describing Geography in Alma 22:27.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 19 (2016): 355–82.

Smith, Julie M. “A Note on Chiasmus in Abraham 3:22–23.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 8 (2014): 187–90.

Smith, Robert F. “Assessing the Broad Impact of Jack Welch’s Discovery of Chiasmus in the Book of Mormon.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 16, no. 2 (2007): 68–73, 98–99.

Staley, Jeff. “The Structure of John’s Prologue: Its Implications for the Gospel’s Narrative Structure.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 48, no. 2 (April 1986): 241–64.

Stock, Augustine. “Chiastic Awareness and Education in Antiquity.” Biblical Theology Bulletin 14 (1984): 23–27.

Talbert, Charles H. Reading Luke: A Literary and Theological Commentary on the Third Gospel. New York: Crossroad Publishing Company, 1982.

Tanner, J Paul. “The Gideon Narrative as the Focal Point of Judges.” Bibliotheca Sacra 149 (1992): 146–61.

Thomas, Edmund. “Chiasmus in Art and Text.” Greece & Rome 60, no. 1 (2013): 50–88.

Thomson, Ian H. Chiasmus in the Pauline Letters. Sheffield, Eng.: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.

Tomasion, Anthony J. “Interpreting Esther from the Inside Out: Hermeneutical Implications of the Chiastic Structure of the Book of Esther.” Journal of Biblical Literature 138, no. 1 (2019): 101–20.

Trible, Phyllis. Rhetorical Criticism: Context, Method, and the Book of Jonah. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1994.

Tsumura, David T. “The Literary Structure of Psalm 46:2–8.” Annual of the Japanese Biblical Institute 6 (1980): 29–55.

Ulansey, David. “The Heavenly Veil Torn: Mark’s Cosmic Inclusio.” Journal of Biblical Literature 110, no. 1 (1991): 123–25.

VanderWeele, Tyler J. “Some Observations Concerning the Chiastic Structure of the Gospel of Matthew.” Journal of Theological Studies 59, no. 8 (2008): 669–73.

Walsh, Jerome T. Style and Structure in Biblical Hebrew Narrative. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2001.

Wastell, David, Sue Whie, Karen Broadhurst, and Sue Peckover. “The Chiasmus of Design: Paradoxical Outcomes in the e-Government Reform of UK Children’s Services.” In Information Systems—Creativity and Innovation in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, edited by Gurpreet Dhillon, Bernd Carsten Stahl, and Richard Baskerville, 257–72. New York: Springer, 2009.

Watson, Wilfred G. E. “Gender-Matched Synonymous Parallelism in the Old Testament.” Journal of Biblical Literature 99, no. 3 (1980): 321–41.

Watson, Wilfred G. E. “Strophic Chiasmus in Ugaritic Poetry.” Ugarit-­Forschungen 15 (1983): 259–70.

Webster, Edwin C. “Strophic Patterns in Job 3–28.” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 26 (1983): 33–60.

Weima, Jeffrey A. D. “Literary Criticism.” In Interpreting the New Testament: Essays on Methods and Issues, edited by David A. Black and David S. Dockery, 150–69. Nashville: Broadman and Holman, 2001.

Weinert, Francis D. “Luke, Stephen, and the Temple in Luke–Acts.” Biblical Theology Bulletin 17 (1987): 88–90.

Weinfeld, Moshe. “The Decalogue: Its Significance, Uniqueness, and Place in Israel’s Tradition.” In Religion and Law: Biblical-Judaic and Islamic Perspectives, edited by Edwin B. Firmage, Bernard G. Weiss, and John W. Welch, 3–47. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1990.

Weippert, Helga. “Die Ätiologie des Nordreiches und seines Königshauses (I Reg 11 29–40).” Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 95 (1983): 344–75.

Weiss, Meir. “The Decalogue in Prophetic Literature.” In The Ten Commandments in History and Tradition, edited by Ben-Zion Segaland Gershon Levi, 67–81. Jerusalem: Hebrew University Magnes Press, 1990.

Weiss, Raphael. “Chiasm in the Bible.” In Studies of the Text and Language of the Bible, edited by Raphael Weiss, 259–73. Jerusalem: Hebrew University Magnes Press, 1981.

Welch, John W., ed. Chiasmus in Antiquity: Structures, Analyses, Exegesis. Hildesheim, Ger.: Gerstenberg, 1981.

Welch, John W. “Chiasmus in the Book of Mormon.” In Book of Mormon Authorship: New Light on Ancient Origins, edited by Noel B. Reynolds, 33–52. Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1982.

Welch, John W. “Chiasmus in Biblical Law: An Approach to the Structure of Legal Texts in the Hebrew Bible.” In Jewish Law Association Studies IV: The Boston Conference Volume, edited by Bernard S. Jackson, 5–22. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990.

Welch, John W. “A Masterpiece: Alma 36.” In Rediscovering the Book of Mormon: Insights You May Have Missed Before, edited by John L. Sorenson and Melvin J. Thorne, 114–31. Provo, UT: FARMS; Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1991.

Welch, John W. “Chiasmus im Buch Mormon in deutschsprachige Ausgabe.” Provo, UT: FARMS, 1994.

Welch, John W. “Criteria for Identifying and Evaluating the Presence of Chiasmus.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 4, no. 2 (1995): 1–14.

Welch, John W. “Parallelism and Chiasmus in Benjamin’s Speech.” In King Benjamin’s Speech: “That Ye May Learn Wisdom,” edited John W. Welch and Stephen D. Ricks, 315–410. Provo, UT: FARMS, 1998.

Welch, John W. “Criteria for Identifying and Evaluating the Presence of Chiasmus.” In Chiasmus Bibliography, edited by John W. Welch and Daniel B. McKinlay. Provo, UT: Research Press, 1999.

Welch, John W. “How Much Was Known about Chiasmus in 1829 When the Book of Mormon was Translated?” FARMS Review 15, no. 1 (2003): 47–80.

Welch, John W. “The Discovery of Chiasmus in the Book of Mormon: 40 Years Later.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 16, no. 2 (2007): 74–87, 99.

Welch, John W. The Legal Cases in the Book of Mormon. Provo, UT: BYU Press and Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, 2008.

Welch, John W. “Narrative Elements in Homicide Accounts.” In Jewish Law Association Studies XXVII: Judaism, Law, and Literature, edited by Michael Baris and Vivian Liska, 206–38. N.p.: Jewish Law Association, 2017.

Welch, John W. The Sermon on the Mount in the Light of the Temple. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009.

Wenham, Gordon J. “The Coherence of the Flood Narrative.” In “I Studied Inscriptions from before the Flood”: Ancient Near Eastern, Literary, and Linguistic Approaches to Genesis 1–11, edited by Richard S. Hess and David Toshio Tsumura, 436–47. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1994.

Wendland, Ernst R. “Linear and Concentric Patterns in Malachi.” Bible Translator 36 (1985): 108–21.

Whalen, Gretchen. “The Power of the Paradigm: Continuity in Yucatec Maya Narrative.” Latin American Studies Association Conference, April 17–19, 1997.

Whybray, R. N. The Composition of the Book of Proverbs: A Survey of Modern Study. Sheffield, Eng.: JSOT Press, 1994.

Williams, James G. “The Power of Form: A Study of Biblical Proverbs.” Semeia 17 (1980): 35–58.

Willis, Timothy M. “Blasphemy, Talion, and Chiasmus: The Marriage of Form and Content in Lev 24,13–23.” Biblica 90, no. 1 (2009): 68–74.

Wiseman, Boris, and Anthony Paul, eds. Chiasmus and Culture. New York: Berghahn Books, 2014.

Wolfe, Kenneth R. “The Chiastic Structure of Luke–Acts and Some Implications for Worship.” Southwestern Journal of Theology 22 (1980): 60–67.

Wright, David P. “Chiasmus in the Covenant Code Reconsidered: The Final Apodictic Laws.” In “Gerechtigkeit und Recht zu üben” (Gen 18,19): Studien zur altorientalischen und biblischen Rechtsgeschichte, zur Religionsgeschichte Israels und zur Religionssoziologie. Festschrift für Eckart Otto zum 65. Geburtstag, edited by Reinhard Achenbach and Martin Arneth, 171–81. Wiesbaden, Ger.: Harrassowitz, 2010.

Wright, David P. “The Fallacies of Chiasmus: A Critique of Structure Proposed for the Covenant Collection (Exodus 20:23–23:19).” Zeitschrift für altorientalische und biblische Rechsgeschichte 10 (2004): 143–68.

Wright, David P. Inventing God’s Law: How the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Yee, Gale A. “An Analysis of Proverbs 8:22–31 according to Style and Structure.” Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 94, no. 1 (1982): 58–65.

Zogbo, Lynell, and Ernst R. Wendland. Hebrew Poetry in the Bible: A Guide for Understanding and for Translating. New York: United Bible Societies, 2000.