47. “To Keep Them in the Right Way”

Chart 21: “Writings of Moroni,” Charting the Book of Mormon
Sometime after A.D. 385, Moroni was left alone to “write the sad tale of the destruction” of the Nephite people (Mormon 8:3). His writings appear within the last three books of the Book of Mormon. Moroni recounted the final battle at Cumorah and abridged the record of the Jaredites. He also testified of Jesus Christ and preserved gospel ordinances for use in future generations. For example, Moroni’s record of the Nephite sacrament prayers is the historical source from which Joseph Smith received the prayers that are used today in administering the sacrament.
“The Book of Mormon as the Keystone of Church Administration,” John W. Welch, A Firm Foundation: Church Organization and Administration
This paper seeks to identify which of those principles were used by the earliest believers in the Book of Mormon, who often followed the Book of Mormon precisely and sometimes even explicitly. It makes sense that they would do this. By compiling textual, practical, and historical details, this paper draws attention to the foundational role that the Book of Mormon played in authoritatively establishing important principles of Latter-day Saint religious and ecclesiastical administration.
“The Articles and Covenants of the Church of Christ and the Book of Mormon,” Robert J. Woodford, Sperry Symposium Classics: The Doctrine and Covenants
This paper contains connections between section 20 of the Doctrine and Covenants and the book of Moroni.
“The ‘Author’ and the ‘Finisher’ of the Book of Mormon,” John M. Butler, The Book of Mormon: Fourth Nephi Through Moroni, From Zion to Destruction
In the Church we speak of Jesus Christ as the author and finisher of our faith. This paper examines and compares Mormon as an “author” and Joseph Smith as a “finisher” of the Book of Mormon. Perhaps no other prophet personifies the preparation and achievements of Joseph Smith better than the prophet Mormon. He was a type for the Prophet Joseph—foreshadowing Joseph’s life and important mission.
“Mormon and Moroni: Father and Son,” Gary Layne Hatch, The Book of Mormon: Fourth Nephi Through Moroni, From Zion to Destruction
A man of God to the end, Mormon the general knows that salvation cannot come by the sword but only through repentance and faith in Christ. Mormon ends his mortal ministry with his stirring testimony of Jesus and leaves his life’s work, his abridgment of the large plates of Nephi, the Book of Mormon, in the hands of his son, Moroni.
“Moroni, the Last of the Nephite Prophets,” H. Donl Peterson, The Book of Mormon: Fourth Nephi Through Moroni, From Zion to Destruction
This paper provides a thorough overview of what we know about the prophet Moroni. It discusses his possible upbringing, the origin of his name, his roles as church leader and military commander, and his most important role as abridger of the plates. The paper also discusses Moroni’s influence in the Latter-days, from his presence in the Restoration, and his various travels across the Americas.
“What Has Moroni to Do with John?” Nick Frederick, Religious Educator: Perspectives on the Restored Gospel 14, no. 3
When Jesus speaks to Moroni, he speaks with the voice and language similar to the voice and language found in the writings of John the Beloved. Moroni 7 also easily reflects 1 Corinthians 13.
“Hidden Records,” John A. Tvedtnes, The Most Correct Book: Insights from a Book of Mormon Scholar
Although perceived as an anomaly and a fabrication by scholars of his day, recent discoveries have vindicated Joseph Smith’s account of a record written on gold plates and buried in the earth in a stone box. Indeed, the practice now appears to have been common among the cultures from which the Book of Mormon peoples derived.
“Mormon and Moroni as Authors and Abridgers,” Roger R. Keller, Reexploring the Book of Mormon
While many view Mormon as a passive compiler in creating the Book of Mormon, this article shows the different ways that he and Moroni actively interact with the sources. They even author entire chapters throughout the Book of Mormon in providing commentary on the narrative.
Moroni 2

“From Presence to Practice: Jesus, the Sacrament Prayers, the Priesthood, and Church Discipline in 3 Nephi 18 and Moroni 2–6,” John W. Welch, Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 5, no. 1
This paper explores several relationships between the texts in Moroni 2–6 and the words and deeds of Jesus in 3 Nephi 18. This study demonstrates that these instructions and procedures in Moroni 2-6 were rooted in the words and deeds of the resurrected Jesus in 3 Nephi 18, as he administered the sacrament, gave instructions to his disciples, and conferred upon the twelve the power to bestow the gift of the Holy Ghost.

“Quotations of the Sealed Portions of the Book of Mormon,” John Gee, Insights 24, no. 6
Gee points out several passages about Christ’s ministry that Moroni quotes that aren’t found elsewhere in the Book of Mormon and come after Mormon’s death. Moroni’s quotations might come from a remarkable memory (the parallel quotations from Moroni 7:33 and 10:23 might indicate that), but they may also have come from the sealed portion of the plates that he had.

Moroni 3

“The Survivor and the Will to Bear Witness,” Gordon C. Thomasson, Reexploring the Book of Mormon
In an interesting and unique approach, Thomasson shows that Moroni and other Book of Mormon authors demonstrate similar human reactions to those that experience horrific traumas. Survivors of Hitler’s death camps seem to react in similar ways to Book of Mormon authors, who also witnessed human atrocities and genocide.

Moroni 4 & 5

“Our Nephite Sacrament Prayers,” John W. Welch, Reexploring the Book of Mormon
Even though the Latter-day sacrament prayers are recorded in D&C 20, they first appear in the Book of Mormon. They appear in Moroni 4-5, as well as in 3 Nephi 18. A detailed relationship exists between Mosiah 5, 3 Nephi 18, and Moroni 4-5, and all three texts should be viewed together in minute detail.

“Religious Validity: The Sacrament Covenant in Third Nephi,” Richard Lloyd Anderson, By Study and Also by Faith: Essays in Honor of Hugh W. Nibley
The baptismal commitment is the companion covenant to the sacrament in the Book of Mormon. This is vivid in the Nephite manual of ordinances, found at the beginning of Moroni, the final book in the Book of Mormon. It compiles documents of Nephite practices authorized by the Lord.

“Questions and Answers – On Administering the Sacrament,” John Nicholson, Improvement Era 5, no. 6
This turn-of-the-century church document answers of question of administering the sacrament. It answers the question of whether two or one priests should kneel while blessing the sacrament.