A Jewel in the Gardens of Paradise: The Art and Architecture of the Hawai’i Temple

When the Hawaii Temple was proposed in general conference in October 1915, there were only four functioning temples of the Church. President Joseph F. Smith turned to architects Hyrum Pope and Harold Burton, who had created the design for the Alberta Temple in 1912. The Hawaii Temple was more than a miniature of the Alberta Temple, as it used different materials and methods. For ornamentation, several Utah artists were involved, including J. Leo Fairbanks and Avard Fairbanks. The sculptures they created for the friezes were strong, dignified, and lifelike. The friezes are four long panels composed of 123 figures from the Old Testament, New Testament, Book of Mormon, and early Mormon history. The murals inside the temple were created by Lewis A. Ramsey, LeConte Stewart, and Alma B. Wright. Landscaping and water features provided the small temple with a large presence, making this jewel stand out in the lush gardens of a tropical paradise. 

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