In 1924, the missionaries and essentially the Church’s presence were withdrawn from Japan. From 1901 to 1924 the early missionaries experienced struggles, challenges, and some tremendous accomplishments. However, the decision to withdraw all missionaries from Japan left the members there almost entirely on their own from 1924 until 1945. Although the early and modern missions have been subjects of numerous articles, the more than twenty-year interim has never been treated more than in a footnote. This article gives that period of time in the Church’s history in Japan more detailed attention.