The enforced exodus of the Latter-day Saints from Illinois in 1846 was made with great sacrifice and suffering. Although many made adequate preparations for a lengthy journey, others were so anxious to leave they did so without sufficient provisions. In addition, the early evacuees included many aged and infirm who required much assistance. These factors tended to slow the movement.
It soon became apparent that it would be desirable to set up more permanent camps or way stations where migrants could pause for longer periods of time. Here the exiles could winter or spend the growing season putting in and harvesting crops or laboring in nearby settlements to obtain cash for needed purchases. Garden Grove and Mt. Pisgah were two such encampments. This article will examine the rationale behind their establishment and describe their growth and development.