Article of the Week | BYU Studies

Article of the Week

January 30, 2017
Article of the Week
Socrates' Mission
Daniel W. Graham

This daily feature is the introduction to a full article by Daniel W Graham which was published in our newest issue, 55:4. To read the full text of this article, follow the link below.

Many scholars have been dismissive of Socrates' religious tendencies, but Daniel W. Graham asserts that Socrates performed a kind of sacred mission by encouraging his fellow citizens to care for the integrity of the soul rather than emulating certain gods of vice. Socrates maintained that mortals honor the gods best when they are living upright, moral lives. In the process, Socrates fairly invented moral philosophy.

Socrates was condemned and executed for alleged crimes against the state and their religion. He became a martyr to his immediate followers, and to those in the early Christian era, he came to be seen as a kind of pro to-Christian disciple and even a type of Christ.