Old Testament Lesson #13 | BYU Studies

Old Testament Lesson #13

March 9, 2018
Old Testament Lesson #13
Bondage, Passover, and Exodus
BYU Studies Staff

Events of the Passover and Exodus, worthy of study in themselves, are also remembered and fulfilled in Jesus' death and resurrection, the plan of salvation, and patterns of escape and redemption.

"Moses and Jesus: The Old Adorns the New," S. Kent Brown, From Jerusalem to Zarahemla: Literary and Historical Studies of the Book of Mormon 
Moses is a type of Jesus as a savior. The account of Exodus can be seen as a legal case in which one, a savior, seeks the release of another, as Jesus seeks the release of captive sinners.

Passover Prophecy Fulfillment (New Testament Chart 10-17), Charting the New Testament, ed. John W. Welch
Events of the Passover are symbolic of events of Jesus' death and resurrection. The slaughter of the lamb is His death, and the sheaf of firstfruits being lifted up before the Lord is the Christ being the first to be resurrected.

Dating the Death of Jesus Christ, Jeffrey R. Chadwick, BYU Studies, Vol.  54, no. 4
Jesus' death is foretold by the events of Passover in Exodus 12. Evidence from ancient sources indicate that Jesus died on Thursday, the eve of Passover, in AD 30.

"The Appearance of Elijah and Moses in the Kirtland Temple and the Jewish Passover," Stephen D. Ricks, BYU Studies, Vol. 23, no. 4
Moses and Elijah appeared in the Kirtland on Sunday, April 3, 1836, and some have believed this was the exact time of the Seder of Passover. Such exact correspondence is probably incorrect, but if one sees Passover as referring to the weeklong remembrance the fifteenth of Nisan, it would be correct to say that the heavenly visitors came during the Passover season.

"Insights into Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy," George A. Horton Jr., The Joseph Smith Translation: The Restoration of Plain and Precious Truths
Provides a list of Joseph Smith Translation corrections to the book of Exodus includes Exodus 3:2, 6:30, 7:1, and others.

"The Israelite Background of Moses Typology in the Book of Mormon," Noel B. Reynolds, BYU Studies, Vol. 44, no. 2
A chart lists the many ways in which Nephi is similar to Moses: both fled after a killing; both were caught up to a mountain where they received revelation; both spoke with the Lord; both looked to a land of promise; and much more.

"The Exodus Pattern in the Book of Mormon," S. Kent Brown, BYU Studies, Vol. 30, no. 3
Moses' exodus is deeply remembered by the Nephites and several exodus events appear in the Book of Mormon. Lehi's family reenacts the Exodus. Zeniff's colony leaving Zarahemla has parallels to Moses' people going to reclaim their promised land. Nephite prophets cite the Exodus as proof of God's ability to fulfill his promises. The Exodus was linked typologically to the effects of Jesus' atonement in Alma 36.