Old Testament Lesson #28 | BYU Studies

Old Testament Lesson #28

"After the Fire a Still Small Voice"
June 29, 2018
Old Testament Lesson #28
"After the Fire a Still Small Voice"
Author BYU Studies Staff,

Elijah's actions stand as a testimony of his wisdom, unwavering faith, and fearless defiance of kings as he obeyed the word of the Lord.

"Who Controls the Water? Yahweh vs. Baal," Fred E. Woods, FARMS Papers.
1 Kings 18:1 reveals that Elijah's sealing power created a sore famine in Samaria, which the New Testament indicates lasted three and a half years. This resulted in a showdown to determine who really controlled the water: Baal or Yahweh? Elijah requested that all Israel and all the prophets of Baal and his consort be gathered for the contest to be performed at Mount Carmel (1 Kings 18:19). The showdown on Mount Carmel is interesting for several reasons. First, at the time of this confrontation, Mount Carmel was situated exactly on the border of Israel and Phoenicia. Jezebel, a zealous advocate of Baal, had patronized the spread of Baalism into Israel from her homeland in Phoenicia. Perhaps this location was selected because it was the most neutral position for an encounter between the god of each land. Second, the area of Carmel is used in the Hebrew Bible as an image of fertility. Finally, an Assyrian inscription dated to 841 BC evidences that Mount Carmel was called Mount Balirasi, Baal of the headland, suggesting that Mount Carmel was referred to as Baal's mountain or domain by the Canaanites during the time of the showdown between Elijah and the priests of Baal.

"Elijah, LDS Sources and Ancient Sources," Franklin D. Day and R. J. Zvi Werblowdky, Encyclopedia of Mormonism
"The main emphasis of Elijah's prophetic ministry is the exclusive and pure worship of Yhwh, and uncompromising opposition to the Canaanite pagan cult of Baal.His activities account for his becoming in Jewish tradition the symbol of uncompromising religious zeal. Elijah is also described as a worker of miracles, but he shares with other Old Testament prophets a strong emphasis on social justice, as evidenced by his other great clash with the king and queen in the matter of Naboth's vineyard (1 Kgs. 21), which the royal couple desired for themselves."

Elijah and the Restoration of the Priesthood and Sealing

"Elijah's Mission: His Keys, Powers, and Blessings from the Old Testament to the Latter Days," E. Dale LeBaron, Sperry Symposium Classics: The Old Testament
"Like two prophetic bookends, the last words of the Old Testament (Malachi 4:5–6) and the earliest revelation recorded in the Doctrine and Covenants (D&C 2) give prophetic promise of Elijah's mission. This prophecy is spoken of in the New Testament, the words of the Savior to the Nephites in the Book of Mormon (see 3 Nephi 25:5–6), and the words of Moroni to the youthful prophet Joseph Smith as recorded in the Pearl of Great Price."

"Priesthood Restoration Documents," Brian Q. Cannon and BYU Studies staff, BYU Studies 35, no. 4.
Joseph Smith mentioned Elijah in connection with the restoration of the priesthood and the "sealing and binding powers." See in this article documents 17, 18, and 65.

"I Will Send You Elijah the Prophet," Kenneth L. Alford, You Shall Have My Word: Exploring the Text of the Doctrine and Covenants
Moroni's message to Joseph Smith in 1823 prophesied that Elijah would return, which happened on April 3, 1836. This article looks at how Elijah would return, how John the Baptist was not Elijah, when Malachi's prophecy would be fulfilled, and Elijah's mission.

"'Follow the Prophet': Eight Principles from 1 and 2 Kings," Ronald E. Bartholomew, Religious Educator 9, no. 1
Elijah's request of food of the starving woman was not selfishness, rather it was an invitation for the woman to give the Lord the best she had. Elijah challenged the apostate children of Israel to serve only Jehovah, but they insisted that God prove himself yet again.