Many scholars have been dismissive of Socrates' religious tendencies, but Daniel W. Graham asserts that Socrates performed a kind of sacred mission by encouraging his fellow citizens to care for the integrity of the soul rather than emulating certain gods of vice. Socrates maintained that mortals honor the gods best when they are living upright, moral lives. In the process, Socrates fairly invented moral philosophy.
Socrates was condemned and executed for alleged crimes against the state and their religion. He became a martyr to his immediate followers, and to those in the early Christian era, he came to be seen as a kind of pro to-Christian disciple and even a type of Christ.