The law of Moses brought the children of Israel to Christ through strict obedience to ordinances and performances. These rituals would help them remember God and their duty to him. The law of Moses is a witness of Jesus Christ and the Atonement.
“Exodus 21-24; 31-35, The Mosaic Law: A Preparatory Gospel,” Old Testament Student Manual, Genesis-2 Samuel
The law of Moses first lays down basic principles and then gives specific instructions about certain situations. Permanent ownership of slaves was not allowed unless a servant chose to stay with a master. The law was concerned with making restitution to offended parties. The worship of the golden calf seems unfathomable; perhaps Aaron did not intend to supersede the worship of God. Moses’ face shone, and he wore a veil.
The Ten Commandments, Ensign, 1994
In 1994, the Ensign published a series of ten articles, one about each of the Ten Commandments. These articles discuss the enduring principles at the foundation of each commandment that still apply to us today. Find the list and links in the previous list of resources here (for Exodus 18-20).
Video interview discussing the Ten Commandments, Rabbi Ilana Harris and Jacob Rennaker, John A. Widtsoe Foundation
This new video discusses what the law of Moses means to the Jewish community.
“Remnants Gathered, Covenants Fulfilled,” Russell M. Nelson, Sperry Symposium Classics
The Church today is linked to the exodus in many ways. Both the Israelites and the Saints were forced from their homes, made covenants with God, followed a prophet, and more.
“From ‘Linguistic Turn’ and Hebrews Scholarship to Anadiplosis Iterata: The Enigma of a Structure,” Gabriella Gelardini, BYU Studies Quarterly 59 supplement
Chiasmus in Exodus unifies what seems incompatible. In chiastic sense, covenant breaking is linked with covenant renewal. The faithful fathers and mothers become witnesses, a legal term, and being mentioned in relation to the golden calf helps to save the lives of the sinful people.