Journal 16:2 | BYU Studies

Journal 16:2

Perceptions of Mormons and Mormonism in France and Latin America are explored in this issue, as well as Shakespeare's "Measure for Measure" from the viewpoint of Christian redemption. Jill C. Mulvay (Derr) examines Latter-day Saint women's participation in the early woman's rights movement, guided by Eliza R. Snow. Mormon historians will be interested to learn about how Joseph Smith's successor...Read more

The Mormon Succession Crisis of 1844

When the Prophet Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob on 27 June 1844, there was no explicit outline of presidential succession in print. Joseph Smith had at different times by precept or precedent established eight possible routes of legitimate succession to his place as President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-days Saints: by a counselor; by secret appointment; by an Associate President... Read more

Letter to a Four-Year Old Daughter

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Mormonism and Revolution in Latin America

In this BYU Forum address from 1975, F. LaMond Tullis discusses some of the challenges for becoming a worldwide church, using Latin America as a frame of reference. In the mid-20th century, many Latin American countries had gone through a period of rapid social and economic change. Western medicine had increased life expectancies, education had increased literacy rates, modern technology and... Read more

Eliza R. Snow and the Woman Question

"Do you know of any place on the face of the earth, where woman has more liberty, and where she enjoys such high and glorious privileges as she does here, as a Latter-day Saint?" Eliza R. Snow asked some five or six thousand women gathered in the Salt Lake Tabernacle in January 1870 to protest against antipolygamy legislation. Zion's poetess and Female Relief Society president would never... Read more

The Image of Mormonism in French Literature: Part II

This essay describes what 1920s French literature had to say about Mormons—none of it very favorable. Guillaume Apollinaire ( La Femme Assise ) attributed to the Mormons the rolling, jerking, and shouting characteristic of certain fundamentalist sects. He was drawn to Mormons as a subject for his writing because of the exotic eroticism that he associated with polygamy. Pierre Benoit ( Le Lac Salé... Read more

Measure for Measure: Tragedy and Redemption

For most people, the word "tragedy" is synonymous with pessimism and despair, yet in theatre and drama it includes such optimistic themes as faith, hope, resolution, and regeneration. Critics have often objected to the idea of redemptive tragedy, arguing that redemption is a Christian doctrine, turning all evil to good and thus all tragedy to comedy. The author asserts that the belief of the... Read more

Manchester Mormons: The Journal of William Clayton

Like the Puritans of New England, the early Mormons were compulsive diarists. Both indulged in a kind of spiritual bookkeeping. Awakened to a new life in the gospel, but hardly changed from sinner to Latter-day Saint overnight, Mormon converts were preoccupied, sometimes morbidly, with their salvation and anxious about God's purposes. Anyone interested in what William James called "the varieties... Read more

Barbed Wire: Poetry and Photographs of the West

The term "barbed wire" has several connotations: impediment to a charging infantry in wartime, the fringe along the top of prison walls, or simply the taut strand marking boundaries and the end of the freedom know to an unfenced world. But the photograph on the dust jacket of the book Barbed Wire: Poetry and Photographs of the West with its leaning posts, its tangled strands of barbed wire, and... Read more

To Utah With the Dragoons and Glimpses of Life in Arizona and California, 1858-1859

The most interesting single chapter in this collection of letters which appeared originally in the Philadelphia Daily Evening Bulletin is the last, "In Search of a Soldier" (pp. 188–204). Here the editor, who is presently Associate Curator of the National Museum of History and Technology at the Smithsonian Institution, reports the first-class piece of historical detective work by which he reached... Read more

"A Plainer Translation" Joseph Smith's Translation of the Bible; A History and Commentary

The scholarly community bears a sizable debt to Robert Matthews for his monumental work on the "New Translation" of the Bible commenced by Joseph Smith in 1830 and published by the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in 1867. The term "monumental" is used in the sense that Matthews has consulted every possible source in his effort to set forth the chronology of events... Read more

Conflict and Compromise: The Mormons in Mid-Nineteenth Century American Politics

The fresh title notwithstanding, Melville's Conflict and Compromise: The Mormons in Mid-Nineteenth-Century American Politics is not a new work. A sketchy survey of the political events in early territorial Utah has been added, but in substance, this book is a reprint—apparently from the very same plates—of the author's Highlights in Mormon Political History which was originally published in the... Read more

A Biography of Ezra Thompson Clark

Our image of nineteenth century Mormonism has been conditioned by impressions of the cooperative movement, the Law of Consecration and Stewardship, and the United Orders. Twentieth century Mormonism has moved away from a communitarian orientation, and Ezra Thompson Clark's life may have been a harbinger of this transition. The antithesis of the average Mormon of nineteenth century lore, Clark was... Read more

John Hyde, Junior—An Earlier View

John Hyde, Jr., is familiar to most students of Mormon history as one of the most famous apostate writers of the early Utah period. Having joined the Church in England, he spent a short time on a mission to France and the Channel Islands. After migrating to Utah, he was called on a mission to the Sandwich Islands during the Conference of April 1856 and set out on his journey. On the way, he... Read more