35. "Repent and Return unto the Lord"
Chart 48 deals with Samuel the Lamanite's prophecies about the birth and death of Christ. Because the very lives of the Nephite believers depended on the fulfillment of these prophecies, Nephi and Christ paid careful attention to documenting their exact fulfillment. Nephi also tracked Samuel's prophecies concerning Christ's death and their fulfillment. The references for each of the prophecies and their fulfillment are listed in the chart.
Chart 105 shows how Samuel quoted key words from King Benjamin's speech, which had been given in the same city of Zarahemla, a century earlier. Those words contained the full name of the Messiah that was revealed by Benjamin to his people as a sacred part of his covenant speech. It was a name that had not been given to them before. The fact that Samuel would have given them exactly that same sacred name probably reminded them of their own departure from ways that they knew were right and stirred up more than ever their anger against him.
"Samuel the Lamanite, Christ, and Zenos: A Study of Intertextuality," Quinten Barney, in Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture
During Christ's mortal ministry at Jerusalem, his teachings often drew upon the writings of Isaiah, Moses, and other prophets with whom his audience was familiar. On the other hand, Christ never seems to quote Nephi, Mosiah, or other Book of Mormon prophets to the Jews and their surrounding neighbors, despite being the ultimate source for their inspired writings. It is because of this apparent confinement to Old Testament sources that intertextual parallels between the words of Christ in Matthew 23-24 and the words of Samuel the Lamanite in Helaman 13-15 jump out as intriguing. This paper explores the intertextual relationship between these chapters in Helaman and Matthew and suggests that the parallels between these texts can be attributed to a common source available to both Samuel and Christ, the writings of the prophet Zenos.
"The Prophetic Laments of Samuel the Lamanite," S. Kent Brown, in From Jerusalem to Zarahemla: Literary and Historical Studies of the Book of Mormon
The wide-ranging sermon of Samuel the Lamanite, spoken from the city wall of Zarahemla, exhibits poetic features that recall laments found in the Bible, most notably in the Psalms. Like laments in the Bible, those in Samuel's speech display traits at home in worship settings. But unlike biblical laments, the two poetic pieces in Samuel's sermon unexpectedly contain prophecies, an element that appears elsewhere in the Thanksgiving Hymns of the Dead Sea Scrolls. These prophecies in Samuel's poetry find fulfillment in later periods, including in the woeful days of Mormon, the compiler and editor of the Book of Mormon
"The Time of Sin," Joseph Spencer, in Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture
This essay provides a close theological reading of Helaman 13, the first part of the sermon of Samuel the Lamanite. Beginning from the insight that the chapter focuses intensely on time, it develops a theological case for how sin has its own temporality. Sin opens up a disastrous future, deliberately misremembers the past, and complicates the constitution of the present as the past of the future.
"Samuel the Lamanite," S. Michael Wilcox, in Encyclopedia of Mormonism
A biographical entry on what is known of Samuel the Lamanite based off the text in Helaman 13-16.
"'Thus Saith the Lord': Prophetic Language in Samuel's Speech," Donald W. Parry, in Pressing Forward with the Book of Mormon: The FARMS Updates of the 1990s
Parry demonstrates that the Book of Mormon follows consistently with Biblical patterns of prophetic speech by comparing the speech of Samuel the Lamanite with that of Old Testament prophets. Samuel, as well as Old Testament prophets, incorporate prophetic speech elements such as a messenger formula, proclamation formula, oath formula, woe oracle, announcement formula, and a revelation formula.
"Annual FARMS Lecture: Maya Harvest Festivals and the Book of Mormon," Allen J. Christenson, in Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 3, no. 1
Christenson, in the annual FARMS lecture delivered on 27 February 1991, examined the Maya New Year's harvest festival, perhaps the most important public festival of the year. The festival coincided with the main corn harvest in mid-November and served as the New Year's Day of the solar calendar, when kingship was renewed. Christenson gave particular attention to the symbolic treatments of the evil god Mam; the ritual descent of the king, as representative of the god of life and resurrection, into the underworld; the king's ritual conflict with and defeat of the lords of the underworld (and of death); and the king's triumphant return or resurrection. The Maya used the image of the tree of life in connection with the atonement and resurrection.
"Love vs. Hate: An Analysis of Helaman 15:1-4," David E. Bokovoy, in Insights 22, no. 2
Bokovoy explains that in the Ancient Near East, the words "love" and "hate" connoted a covenant relationship being either intact or broken, rather than an emotional feeling. When Samuel declares that the Lord loved the Nephites, he may be conveying that the Nephites were in a covenant relationship with the Lord before they became wicked.