5. "Born Again"
Born of Water and the Spirit
"Baptism of Fire and the Holy Ghost," William S. Bradshaw, Encyclopedia of Mormonism
This short entry defines what it means to be baptized with fire: "The baptism of fire, ministered by the Holy Ghost, is manifested through a set of personal sensations, impressions, and insights that constitute a spiritual witness from deity that one has received a remission of sins (2 Ne. 31:17)." It adds references to early Christian practice: "The ordinance of conferring the Holy Ghost initiated early Christian converts into the Church (Acts 8:12-17; 3 Ne. 18; Moro. 2-3; 6)."
Chart 12-3: "The Holy Ghost," Charting the New Testament
This chart is a list of useful scriptures about the Holy Ghost, categorizing the topics of these scriptures, for example: The Holy Ghost and Revelation, Baptism and the Holy Ghost, the Holy Ghost and Salvation.
"A New Pneumatology: Comparing Joseph Smith's Doctrine of the Spirit with His Contemporaries and the Bible," Lynne H. Wilson, BYU Studies, Vol. 51, no. 1
Was Joseph Smith's understanding of the Holy Ghost influenced by the enthusiastic religious debate going on around him? Lynne Wilson shows that the doctrines he restored were an abrupt departure from those of his colleagues. She compares a restored understanding of the Holy Ghost with those of other churches in the 1830s.
"Joseph Smith Encounters Calvinism," Robert L. Millet, BYU Studies, Vol. 50, no. 4
What is salvation? Who will be saved? This article explains the differences between what Joseph Smith taught about salvation and doctrines found in Calvinism and Arminianism.
"Understanding Christian Baptism through the Book of Mormon," Noel B. Reynolds, BYU Studies, Vol. 51, no. 2
Why baptism? What does baptism really mean? In his BYU Studies article, Noel Reynolds shows how the Book of Mormon adds to what the New Testament teaches. Baptism is a sign of a covenant between a person and God and shows that we repent of sin. It is important to recognize that people being baptized do not wash away their own sins through baptism but seek to have their sins forgiven and desire to enter into a covenant with God. Jesus had no need to be forgiven of sin, but he still had to enter the covenant and thus was baptized.