New Testament | BYU Studies

New Testament

New Testament Commentary: Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians

Of all of Paul’s epistles, First Corinthians may resonate the most with Latter-day Saints. Many of its doctrinal teachings reappear in the Restoration: baptism for the dead, degrees of glory, charity never faileth, the administration of the sacrament, and others. The counsel Paul gave remains remarkably relevant today because conditions and attitudes found in ancient Corinth have reemerged in the postmodern Western world. The Corinthian microcosm was largely a skeptical, materialistic, pluralistic, immoral society whose standards were contrary to those of the Christian community.

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New Testament Commentary: Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians

Author Richard D. Draper, Author Michael D. Rhodes,
This work is the first comprehensive study of Paul's first epistle to the Corinthians ever produced by LDS scholars. We include a new rendering of the Greek text into modern English, helping the text be more understandable to modern readers. This rendition is set side by side with the King James Text for easy comparison. It is a commentary of every verse of 1 Corinthians and examines in depth the... Read more

New Testament Commentary: The Revelation of John the Apostle

Author Michael D. Rhodes, Author Richard D. Draper,
Reading the book of Revelation is like stepping inside a red Corvette, strapping on the seat belt, and holding on for dear life as the car drives itself—roaring up precipitous ascents, flying down steep hills, accelerating through short, bumpy straightaways, and banking sharply on an endless series of tight corners. As we try to concentrate on the road ahead so that the car's movements do not... Read more

New Testament Commentary: The Testimony of Luke

Author S. Kent Brown,
Enthroned above all creation towers the exalted, glorified Christ. Descending into the darkest recesses of human agony and sin reaches the warm, caring Jesus. These two are the same person. Luke's testimony introduces us to this man become God—God the Son. Not that this man is a mere man. No. As Luke emphasizes when presenting this person, he comes into our world already bearing a divine nature,... Read more

Some Metaphysical Reflections on the Gospel of John

The author examines the centrality of Jesus in the Gospel of John. Looking at the book of Gospel of John through the lens of metaphysics, the author focuses on the concepts of being, relation, and duality. Specifically, the author looks at being as it applies to Jesus, the relation between the Father and the Son, and the duality of conditions of being, process, and ends. The metaphysical... Read more

Media and Message

An increasing number of strident voices are questioning the reliability of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John in reconstructing the life of Jesus of Nazareth. Some scholars argue that the New Testament Gospels are not faithful to the real Jesus of history. These individuals also suggest that if other accounts, which the early church lost or suppressed, were available and used by readers today, they... Read more

The Manuscript of the Gospel of Judas

Because of the fractured path that led to the recovery of the Gospel of Judas, some details of the discovery of this document and its three companion texts are already lost, though a story reporting many details has been published. Herbert Krosney's The Lost Gospel recounts that these four documents, bound into one codex (the ancient form of a book), came to light in Middle Egypt some sixty... Read more

The "Unhistorical" Gospel of Judas

Attributed to Jesus' disciple Judas Iscariot, the Gospel of Judas (Codex Tchacos) purports to preserve a private conversation between the mortal Savior and the Apostle who would betray him. A major question arising from this recently discovered Gnostic gospel is whether it contains any credible historical information about Judas, Jesus, or any of Jesus' other disciples. There are several features... Read more

The Gnostic Context of the Gospel of Judas

The Gospel of Judas views Jesus and his ministry from a Gnostic perspective—a very different perspective from the one described in the canonical Gospels. Read more

Judas in the New Testament, the Restoration, and the Gospel of Judas

A review of information about Judas in the New Testament and in Latter-day Saint teachings gives us a basis from which to evaluate the Gospel of Judas. The comparison demonstrates that teachings contained in the Gospel of Judas are far removed from what Latter-day Saints understand about the gospel of Jesus Christ. Read more

A Narrative Approach to the Joseph Smith Translation of the Synoptic Gospels

One of the first projects Joseph Smith undertook after the organization of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was a translation of the Bible. While it is called a "translation," Joseph did not work from original Greek or Hebrew manuscripts, and what he did was more to clarify the text. Some of the changes greatly modify the original narrative through altering and adding to the... Read more

Narrative Atonement Theology in the Gospel of Mark

At the level of discourse, the Gospel of Mark is almost silent on the meaning of Jesus's death: save a line here or there, reasons for the death—and the impact of that death on humanity—are barely mentioned in the text, and these scant wisps of discourse-level atonement theology are inadequate to the importance of the topic. But when the reader looks at Mark as a narrative account, several... Read more

The Apocryphal Judas Revisited

Reading the Gospel of Judas and much that has been said about it makes one wonder, how could such a thing happen? How could anyone take the New Testament stories of Judas (of which the writer of the Gospel of Judas is clearly aware) and distort the story so diametrically? How could such a negative story be turned on its head, with evil being called good, and good being called evil? Read more

Two Ancient Roman Plates

The 1998 festschrift in honor of John L. Sorenson contains a lengthy chapter about the ancient practice of doubling, sealing, and witness­ing important documents. That article illustrated this legal practice in several ways, including photographs of a pair of Roman bronze plates from Mainz, Germany, dating to AD 103. In September 2006, Brigham Young University will receive a similar pair of... Read more

A Metallurgical Provenance Study of the Marcus Herennius Military Diploma

The bronze used to make the military diploma for the Roman soldier Marcus Herennius in AD 109 is heterogeneous in texture and com­position. In contrast to modern bronze, lead (Pb) inclusions are common, and the bronze shows a considerable range in copper (Cu) (73 to 92.7 weight percent) and tin (Sn) (6.1 to 26.5 weight percent). Lead isotopic com­positions are identical to those of copper coins... Read more

Dating the Death of Jesus Christ

In December 2010, BYU Studies published a study by Jeffrey R. Chadwick entitled “Dating the Birth of Jesus Christ.” It presented historical and scriptural evidence showing that Jesus was not born in April of 1 BC, as popular Latter-day Saint thought supposed, but most likely in December of 5 BC. A significant component in “Dating the Birth of Jesus Christ” was the proposition that Jesus died at... Read more